- Restoration in Upper Mzimvubu Catchments
Noticing that access to clean water is an absolute necessity in these rural communities, the Natural Resources Management (NRM) Program of the Department of Environmental Affairs identified that the restoration of these catchments will ensure improvement in the livelihoods of the local people. The project is intended at integrating the replenishment of natural capital stocks (include, but not limited to topsoil, vegetation, and freshwater fauna) in catchments T34A and T34B.
The following activities are undertaken:
- Limiting the spread or growth of head-cuts in dongas
- Construction of silt traps and gabions inside the donga channel
- Landscaping donga’s steep slopes
- Re-vegetation of exposed surfaces and dongas
Vegetation plays an important role in reducing the risk of soil erosion while promoting water infiltration and sediment deposition in wetlands.
- Restoration in Sterkspruit
Sterkspruit is one of the experiencing extensive land degradation in the Eastern Cape. This land degradation is evidenced by high soil erosion. In view of this phenomenon the Environmental Protection and Infrastructure Programmes (EPIP) of the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) established a land rehabilitation project in the Sterkspruit area, specifically in Mgwija, Jozanna’s Hoek and Jozanna’s Neck. This project is intended to minimise water runoff in these villages, stabilise slopes with active erosion and trap sediment. Moreover, an environmental education program that capacitates the community in land management mitigating against land degradation is also be implemented.
This project is be designed to have the following outcomes
- To limit and contain the spread of soil erosion, both at landscape scale and local scales
- To improvement of vegetation cover and improve natural species diversity and landscape/catchment stability and resilience.
- To restore the composition, structure and function of catchment areas and thereby enhancing ecosystem functioning, such as water regulation and purification
- To improve the sustainability of livelihoods, productive potential of land (reducing environmental risks), and promote economic empowerment in rural areas.